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Polk County Enterprise - Local News

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Post 393 to host Vietnam Moving Wall



The American Legion Post 393 in Cleveland at Highway 321 will host the Moving Wall Vietnam Memorial on Oct. 10. The display will be open 24 hours a day for five days and is free of charge to all. "The Moving Wall" is the half-size replica of the Washington, D.C. Vietnam Veterans Memorial and has been touring the country for almost 30 years. When John Devitt attended the 1982 dedication in Washington, D.C., he felt the positive power of "The Wall." He vowed to share that experience with those who did not have the opportunity to go to Washington, D.C. "It's two wings, just like the one in D.C. and each wing is 127 feet long," Legion member and Event Coordinator Moe Samples said. "Here at the Legion in Cleveland, we have a motorcycle riders group and we escorted this wall to Crosby from about 30 miles out. We got the idea that we could bring it into Cleveland since it had never been here. We figured it would be an excellent way to get the community and a lot of other people involved. We started about a year and a half ago." Devitt, Norris Shears, Gerry Haver and other Vietnam veteran volunteers built The Moving Wall. It went on display for the first time in Tyler in October of 1984. Two structures of The Moving Wall now travel the country from April through November, spending about a week at each site. A sponsor is any organization or group of individuals that want The Moving Wall to visit their area and is willing to do the work to make the local arrangements. Sponsors are frequently civic groups, schools, or veterans' organizations. Sponsoring normally requires months of planning by dozens of local volunteers. The Wall is about names. At some sites, the sponsor makes arrangements for all 58,282 names to be read aloud. This takes about 72 hours. If each person reads for 20 minutes (270 names), this will require 216 volunteer name readers. Making these arrangements and printing the pages takes considerable effort, but is a very effective means to express the enormity of the war and that each name was a real person. Frequently, relatives or friends of casualties offer to read the block of names that includes their special names. In 1982 John Devitt, a former helicopter door gunner and Army veteran, visited Washington, D.C. for the dedication of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and to participate in the National Salute to Vietnam Veterans. This visit and experience changed Devitt's life and led to the creation of the "Moving Wall," which has since moved millions of people. His story is one of thousands spawned by the Memorial. As Devitt explains, "When you approach the Memorial, you don't recognize what's going on. It's a visual experience that words cannot describe. Then suddenly, as the words inscribed on the Wall come into focus, it's so subtle, you're drawn in and it's too late. You're riveted and the emotions just pour forth." The emotional outpouring and the pride of having participated in a parade honoring Vietnam veterans inspired Devitt to dedicate the next 11 years of his life to giving people all across the nation a chance to experience a similar catharsis. Originally, Devitt and his friends had hoped to create a photomural of the Wall, but when the negatives proved unusable, they came up with another solution. The concept was simple: build a replica of the Wall in Washington which could travel across the country, so that everyone who couldn't visit the Wall could share the experience and emotion which it evokes. Devitt's idea was deeply personal. He had been out of work when the Wall was dedicated, and made the trip with financial help from family and friends. "There were millions of people who would never be able to come to Washington," he realized, "I wanted them to be able see and feel what I had." His emotions ran deep. "Before 1982, I never felt like I needed a parade or a memorial," he says. He had come to the Wall expecting to dislike it, anticipating it would be as some media stories had said, "a black gash of shame." Instead, the Wall changed his life; it gave him a new mission and sense of pride in his military service. With the help of a few friends, Devitt set out to build a movable wall. They estimated it would take $40,000, however, pooling their savings they could only come up with $2,500. They decided to seek assistance in raising the necessary funds. "We had a tough time in the beginning, convincing people about what we were trying to do," explains Devitt. "The Wall is a visual thing. When you tell people you want to build a half-scale replica, they think miniature and model; they don't realize the power of Maya Lin's design." Searching for a way for the work to be completed, they sought contributions of goods and services. If they couldn't get the material donated, they could at least arrange credit terms and discounted pricing. "We were totally surprised by the reaction of the businesses we approached. I didn't even have a credit card at the time, but when we talked to various companies and explained what we were trying to do, they were very sympathetic. Many took the job on our word." Devitt says, "I knew that once we got started, it would pay for itself...and if it didn't, we were prepared to pay for it ourselves." He was convinced of the need for the Moving Wall. The first Moving Wall was built of Plexiglas, with each name silk-screened onto the panels. The photographic negatives of the names were made available by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund, the organization responsible for building the Memorial. When new names are added to the Wall, they are also added to the Moving Wall at the end of its season. In its present form, the third generation, the Moving Wall consists of aluminum panels and is a half-scale replica of the original. In the 11 years since the Moving Wall has been in existence, it has been visited by millions of people, in over 410 locations. While the material of the Moving Wall has changed, its impact remains the same. "Lots of people are waiting for this," Samples said. "One of my big things is I want to get some of the local school kids involved. We're getting quite a bit of response now. We set up some committees for fundraising, because it does take money to bring it in and set it up. We also have to provide security 24 hours a day to make sure nothing happens to it. We need volunteers to help set it up and help out. I need a lot more to help out with all the work that goes into it. There are two big books that list all the names on the wall. There are 58,282 names. The names are listed by the day they were named missing or killed. We need help to assist with people finding the right name." The Moving Wall was first displayed in 1984 in Texas as part of the Tyler Rose Festival. "We hadn't even put up the fifth panel when a Gold Star Mother placed a beautifully decorated candle at the base of the panel where her son's name was inscribed," Devitt recalls. Just like the Wall in Washington, people began to leave mementoes, so many, in fact, that Devitt decided to have them shipped to the Moving Wall's offseason home in San Jose, Calif. He hopes to build a museum to display the items, but for now concentrates on making sure the Moving Wall travels to as many cities as possible. "When you think about it," he says, "two or three million people visit the Wall every year. There are ten or twenty times that many people, who, for whatever reason, will never be able to make the trip to Washington." Scheduling the route of the Wall is a tough job and Devitt tries to be as objective as possible. Dates fill up quickly, almost a year in advance, and there are often schedule conflicts that prevent visits to certain events and locations. "When we started, it was much simpler," he says. "Someone would call and if I wasn't going to be somewhere else at that time, we would load things up and go." While the costs involved were greater than expected, Devitt was opposed to any kind of charge to visit the Moving Wall. "Originally, we thought we could put out a donation box and that would cover our expenses," he explains. Convinced that there should be no charge to have the Wall come to a community, someone came up with the idea that local host committees be formed to sponsor the Moving Wall's visit. This solution has worked well and the schedule of the Moving Wall remains crowded as it journeys across the country. Many people have not heard about Devitt or the Moving Wall; his humble and hardworking attitude is partially responsible. "When the Wall comes to a town, it brings people out from all over. We try to play it low- key because the Wall speaks for itself. This isn't about me. It's not about John Devitt. It's about remembering 58,000 people who died in service to their country."


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